Birthstones and Notable Diamonds
Birthstones and Notable Diamonds. Do you know your birthstone? Mine is Opal or tourmaline, though I love emeralds most of all. Diamonds, famous diamonds have long and mysterious history as a rule…
March—Aquamarine or bloodstone
June—Moonstone, pearl, or alexandrite (the latter of which changes colors depending on the type of light hitting the stone and in gem quality is considered more valuable than diamond)
August—Peridot or sardonyx
October—Opal or tourmaline
November—Topaz or citrine
December—Turquoise or zircon
Nowadays the Orlov is one of the most important items in one of the greatest collections of gems and jewelry, the Treasures of the Diamond Fund, Gokhran, comprises of many historical jewels that were amassed by the rulers of Russia before the 1917 Revolution, as well as some of the exceptional diamonds unearthed during the past three decades that testify to Russia’s current position as a leading world diamond producer.
The Orlov is mounted in the Imperial Scepter, made during the reign of Catherine the Great (1762-96). Its weight has been recorded as 189.62 metric carats and it measures 47.6 mm in height, 31.75 mm in width, and 34.92 mm in length.
The 18.30-carat Shepard Diamond is from South Africa, it was acquired by the Smithsonian Museum by exchange for a collection of small diamonds that had been seized as smuggled goods by the United States Customs Service and is named for the Smithsonian employee who helped facilitate the transaction.
Three of the world’s most famous blue diamonds. Left to right: The Heart of Eternity, the Hope, and the Blue Heart Diamond; 27, 45 and 30 carats, respectively. The Hope looks larger than 45 carats because it is a rather flat stone. The Heart of Eternity is Fancy Vivid Blue, the Hope is Fancy Deep Grayish-Blue and the Blue Heart’s color grade is still unknown. (Probably Fancy Vivid or Fancy Deep.)
The Hope Diamond, also known as “Le bleu de France” is a large, 45.52-carat (9.10 g), deep-blue diamond, now housed in the Smithsonian Natural History Museum in Washington, D.C. It has a long recorded history with few gaps in which it changed hands numerous times on its way from India to France to Britain and to the United States. It has been described as the “most famous diamond in the world” and is said to be the second most-visited artwork in the world, after the Mona Lisa