Golden Temple of India
Beautiful Golden Temple of India – The Harmandir Sahib, also known as the Sikh gurdwara, is located in Punjab, India. In 1604, Guru Arjan Dev completed the Adi Granth and installed it in the gurdwara. During the XVIII century, the Harmandir Sahib was the site of frequent fighting between the Sikhs and Afghan forces on the other side, as a result, the gurdwara was damaged. The present day Golden Temple was rebuilt in 1764 with adding gold plating and marble to the gurdwara, and the interior was decorated with fresco work and gemstones.
Much of the present decorative gilding and marble work dates from the early 19th century. All the gold and exquisite marble works were conducted under the patronage of Hukam Singh Chimni and Emperor Ranjit Singh, Maharaja of the Sikh Empire of the Punjab. The Darshani Deorhi Arch stands at the beginning of the causeway to the Harmandir Sahib; it is 62 metres (203 ft) high and 6 metres (20 ft) in width. The gold plating on the Harmandir Sahib was begun by Ranjit Singh and was finished in 1830. Maharaja Ranjit Singh was a major donor of wealth and materials for the shrine and is remembered with much affection by the Punjabi people in general and the Sikh community in particular.
In the Golden Temple in Amritsar stored Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book – a collection of religious poems and hymns started by ten sikh guru and Muslim and Hindu priests. Hymns sung in the temple throughout the day, filling the halls of the palace with charming sounds of flutes, violins and drums.