Ikarus Bus – Trip to the Past
Ikarus in 1970-80s was one of the largest in Europe, and now a small private company founded in 1895 in Budapest. The company has reached a new level in the late 1960s with the commissioning of the plant in Szekesfehervar, with annual capacity of 15 thousand buses, built specifically for the production models of the 200 series. Within the framework of trade agreements buses arrived in the CMEA countries, Algeria, Mozambique, Tanzania and other African countries, a special model was made for Germany and the Scandinavian countries. Ikarus is a bus manufacturer based in Budapest, Hungary. Uhri Imre Kovacs- Kocsigyarto Uzeme (roughly: “Imre Uhri’s Blacksmith Workshop and Coach Factory”). Ikarus bus of 200-Series has almost gone into history. Here are the trip to the past – photographs of buses built on the basis of the 200 series, some have not reached neither the Soviet Union nor Russia, and some were released in single copies.
Later, co-production Ikarus buses was organized in the United States, Canada, Indonesia, North Korea, Cuba. In the 1970s, the plant supplied the USSR with up to 12 thousand buses annually. Peak deliveries occurred in 1984. From 1953 to 2003, to the Soviet Union and Russia were delivered nearly 150 thousand Hungarian buses. In the 1990s, the countries of the former Soviet Union had purchased a large number of second-hand buses from Eastern Europe.
From 1993 to 2002 in Russia were build new Ikarus buses in Kurgan (KAvZ plant and LLC “Ural Bus”), Arzamas (Arzamas Machinery Plant), in Moscow (TMP plant).
Trolleybus of Ikarus brand to the Soviet Union was not officially supplied. Multiple instances of articulated trolleybuses model 280T (refitted as TMZ) were in use on the streets of Moscow in the 80s. In the 1990 – 2000s in Chelyabinsk used about 20 trolleybuses – Ikarus-Ganz 280T.