Mechanisms of Watches
Mechanisms of Watches definitely have a certain beauty, and make us stare at their tiny details. Watches became widely used after Swiss jewelers were forbidden to make jewelry. Since then, watches continued to be very appreciated pieces of technology. Creating and designing a perfect watch has become true art. In order to produce a perfect watch you have to combine quality and technology i.e. perfectly designed mechanism, specially chosen materials and elegant design. Here are some remarkable images of such engines which are true masterpieces and they showcase the technological beauty and perfect design.
The prototype of the first mechanical watches can be considered Antikythera mechanism, discovered by archaeologists in the early XX century, amid the wreckage of the ancient merchant ship and dated II century BC
The first mechanical watch with escapement were made in Tang China in 725 AD by Masters Yi Xing (Chinese astronomer, mathematician, mechanical engineer, and Buddhist monk of the Tang Dynasty (618–907) and Liang Lingzan. Chinese secret device, apparently came to the Arabs.
The first pendulum clock invented in Germany around 1000 by Abbot Herbert – the future Pope Sylvester II, was not widely used. The first clock tower in Western Europe was built in 1288 by English craftsmen in Westminster.
First in Western Europe mechanical clock installed on the towers was mechanism with only one arrow – hour. Minutes were not measured at all, these clocks were intended for observing religious dates.
Only in the XVII century, the famous Galileo Galilei improved pendulum – the invention of Herbert, but only after a long time began to use his invention in hours.
In Russia, the first clock tower, designed by the Serbian master Lazarus appeared on the princely court of the Moscow Kremlin at the beginning of the XV century.
Later, there were pocket watches, patented in 1675 Huygens, and then – much later – watches. Initially, wristwatches were worn by women only, richly decorated with precious stones jewelry. No self-respecting man of that time would put the clock on his hand. But the war changed the order of things and in 1880 mass production of watches for the army began the firm Girard-Perregaux.