Museum of Porcelain doll in Moscow
Museum of Porcelain doll in Moscow. Living folk tradition says that the beginning of the doll making in Moscow put Venerable Sergius of Radonezh himself. He made toys and gifts and gave them to children. From century to century artistic skill multiplied in the holy land of Radonezh: Andrei Rublev’s icons, elegant carving of Ambrose, wonderful embroidery by nuns of Hotkovo Intercession Monastery. High monastic art inspired craftsmen from Sergiev Posad and the surrounding villages. Demand for their products was great. From the whole of Russia pilgrims flocked to the Trinity – Sergius Lavra, almost everyone tried to buy in these places fancy things, including toys for children as a gift. Thus grew up the Russian capital of “toy kingdom” with the incomparable variety of characters and performance techniques.
On the origin of the production of porcelain dolls in Sergiev Posad district mentioned in the diaries of wonderful writer Boris Shergin: “Where, if not here, to bloom for creative joy in traditional Russian soul! .. Abundance of white clay and earthen colors spawned local aboriginal arts. In old times whole village families molded and created dolls. Then appeared plants: Dunaev’s in Mitin, Popov’s near the monastery. Dunaec’s dolls in the XIX century became famous abroad. Porcelain part of the notorious Saxon toys were made and painted in Hotkovsky villages.
To make a good doll – is not easy. Since early age children learned how to select fabrics, finishing, how to cut, sew, dress, do hair. Girls held this school from their mothers and grandmothers or “people” under the guidance of experienced masters. Growing up and gain experience, they joined art shops worked at home.
And what ever dolls didn’t they do – peasants of all Russian provinces, nobles and merchants, nannies with babies, “dityashki” in baptismal shirts and “pelenashki” in a cap, boys – “kucherki” and “sailor”s, officers and civilians dandies, ladies. The most expensive – statuesque beauties “waist” – had glass eyes.
From all this diversity of dolls just some survived to our time, they are kept in museums and private collections. If to put them together, it would be an amazing exhibition of types and costumes, wide panorama of Russian life of a bygone era
Museum of Porcelain doll in Moscow region, Sherbinka, is unique. Dolls hit certainty portrait likeness, bright color. All are made with exquisite craftsmanship. But work on each doll is time consuming and complex. There are no trifles. Diligent study of primary sources, talent sculptor, high quality porcelain and paintings, precision manufacturing of costume and scrupulous attention to detail – the components of success.
Museum of Porcelain doll in Sherbinka, Moscow region
Magazine “Общенациональный русский журнал”, January 2008