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Nicholas II the last Emperor of Russia

Nicholas II the last Emperor of Russia, Grand Prince of Finland, and titular King of Poland

Photo of Nicholas II the last Emperor of Russia, Grand Prince of Finland, and titular King of Poland

Nicholas II the last Emperor of Russia
Russian tzar, Nicholas II (18 May 1868 – 17 July 1918) was, in fact, the last Emperor of Russia. In addition, his titles included Grand Duke of Finland, and titular King of Poland. And his official short title was Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russians. Also, currently known as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer. According to the Russian Orthodox Church, we should refer to him as Saint Nicholas the Martyr.

Alix of Hesse and by Rhine, later Alexandra Feodorovna (6 June 1872 – 17 July 1918), Empress consort of Russia as spouse of Nicholas II

Alix of Hesse and by Rhine, later Alexandra Feodorovna (6 June 1872 – 17 July 1918), Empress consort of Russia as spouse of Nicholas II

Alix of Hesse and by Rhine, later Alexandra Feodorovna (6 June 1872 – 17 July 1918) was Empress consort of Russia as spouse of Nicholas II. Born a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, she took the name Alexandra Feodorovna. She had to, according to the Orthodox religion. Noteworthy, Russian Orthodox Church canonized her as Saint Alexandra the Passion Bearer in 2000.

In fact, Nicholas became engaged to Alix of Hesse in April 1894. But Alix was hesitant to accept the engagement. It was due to the requirement to change Lutheranism to Russian Orthodoxy and renounce her former faith. However, as an exception, she converted into Orthodox church without renouncing her Lutheran faith. Nicholas and Alix became formally engaged on 8 April 1894. Alix converted to Orthodoxy in November 1894 and took the name Alexandra Fedorovna, in an attempt to be more acceptable to the Russian people.

Nicholas II the last Emperor of Russia

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