Nicholas II the last Emperor of Russia
Nicholas II the last Emperor of Russia. Nicholas II (18 May 1868 – 17 July 1918), the last Emperor of Russia, Grand Duke of Finland, and titular King of Poland. His official short title was Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russians. He is known as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer by the Russian Orthodox Church and has been referred to as Saint Nicholas the Martyr.
Alix of Hesse and by Rhine, later Alexandra Feodorovna (6 June 1872 – 17 July 1918), Empress consort of Russia as spouse of Nicholas II, the last Emperor of the Russian Empire. Born a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, she was given the name Alexandra Feodorovna upon being received into the Russian Orthodox Church, which canonized her as Saint Alexandra the Passion Bearer in 2000. Nicholas became engaged to Alix of Hesse in April 1894. Alix was hesitant to accept the engagement due to the requirement that she convert from Lutheranism to Russian Orthodoxy and renounce her former faith. An exception was made for Alix where she could convert without renouncing her Lutheran faith. Nicholas and Alix became formally engaged on 8 April 1894. Alix converted to Orthodoxy in November 1894 and took the name Alexandra Fedorovna, in an attempt to be more acceptable to the Russian people.
Alexei Nikolaevich (12 August 1904 – 17 July 1918) of the House of Romanov, the Tsesarevich and heir apparent to the throne of the Russian Empire. He was the youngest child and the only son of Emperor Nicholas II and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna. Canonized as passion bearer by the Russian Orthodox Church in 2000.
Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia (June 18 1901 – July 17, 1918), the youngest daughter of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, the last sovereign of Imperial Russia, and his wife Alexandra Fyodorovna.
Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna of Russia, canonized as St. Elizabeth Romanova (1 November 1864 – 18 July 1918), Granddaughter of Queen Victoria and an older sister of Alexandra, the last Russian Empress, Elizabeth became famous in Russian society for her beauty and charitable works among the poor.
Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (June 26 1899 – July 17, 1918), the third daughter of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and Tsarina Alexandra Fyodorovna, canonized as a passion bearer by the Russian Orthodox Church