Nosferatu A Symphony of Horror
Nosferatu A Symphony of Horror is a classic 1922 German Expressionist horror film, directed by F. W. Murnau, starring Max Schreck as the vampire Count Orlok. The film, shot in 1921 and released in 1922, was an unauthorized adaptation of Bram Stoker’s Dracula, with names and other details changed because the studio could not obtain the rights to the novel (for instance, “vampire” became “Nosferatu” and “Count Dracula” became “Count Orlok”).
Murnau has found that in real life Max Schreck is so ugly that by and large he can do without makeup: enough to attach to him horrible fangs and pointed ears of Roger.
In Sweden, the film was banned until 1972.
All films and negatives with the film were destroyed after the trial, started by Bram Stoker’s widow. However, subsequently there were copies in other countries, and the movie was saved.
Murnau has used interesting and never used in the movie party to create a mystical atmosphere: in a scene where the crew lucky Huttera in hellish Castle, in one of the shots the night forest is visible in the negative (white trees), but the crew and the horse remains dark. In fact the whole scene was filmed in negativity, but the crew and the horse were draped in white cloth.
To enhance the “bearing about” his character, Max Schreck never blinked in the frame.
Many of the night scenes were filmed during the day, and it was visible even on a black and white film. Later corrected by imposing disadvantage on night shots of blue filter.
Of the 94 minutes of screen time Nosferatu was actually paid only 9 minutes.
Nosferatu’s preview premiered on 4 March 1922 in the Marmorsaal of the Berlin Zoological Garden. This was planned as a large society evening entitled Das Fest des Nosferatu (Festival of Nosferatu), and guests were asked to arrive dressed in Biedermeier costume.