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Russian traveler Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay

Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay by Russian artist Konstantin Makovsky

Russian traveler Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay by artist Konstantin Makovsky

Russian traveler Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay (1846-1888) was an outstanding scientist and humanist, anthropologist and zoologist. His name is widely known in Russia and abroad. In 1871 Miklouho-Maclay went to New Guinea, where he spent 15 months. The people of New Guinea remember the first European who stepped on their land and lived among them as their devoted friend. The bay where he lived has been named “Maclay Coast”. Stamps have been printed in his honor and there are many legends about him among the Papuans. Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay won the trust and admiration of the local people in New Guinea. And, in spite of the fact that he caught malaria in New Guinea and was very ill, he wrote, “…in no other corner of the globe where I have had to live during my wanderings, have I ever felt such an affection as to the coast of New Guinea.”

Ernst Haeckel (left) with his assistant Miklouho-Maclay in the Canary Islands. December 1866

Ernst Haeckel (left) with his assistant Miklouho-Maclay in the Canary Islands. December 1866

Miklouho-Maclay was often diverted from his scientific work by his campaign against white injustice. He became concerned for the native people of the Pacific through his anthropological studies and was disturbed by the consequences of their contact with whites.

Russian traveler Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay

Russian traveler Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay

His continuing ill-health forced Maclay to move to the more temperate climate of Australia. He came to Sydney in 1878, where he took part in the intellectual and scientific life of the city. He became interested in the well-being of the native Aboriginal people in Australia and sought protection for them. He also proposed the establishment of a marine biological station in Sydney and worked there for several years. Miklouho-Maclay was married in 1884. His two sons were born in Sydney.

Margaret Emma Robertson-Clark - Miklouho - Maclay's wife

Margaret Emma Robertson-Clark – wife of Miklouho-Maclay

Miklouho-Maclay eventually returned to Russia to supervise the publication of his works. His diaries, letters and documents have been published and several books have been written about him. There is a collection of his papers in Sydney. The rest of the scientific and ethnographic material is now housed in Russia.

Margaret Miklouho - Maclay with sons Alexander and Vladimir

Margaret Miklouho-Maclay with sons Alexander and Vladimir

Miklouho-Maclay died in Russia in 1888 at the age of 42. The Institute of Ethnography in St. Petersburg is named in his honor and many streets in Russia and the Ukraine are named after him. In honor of the 150th anniversary of Miklouho-Maclay birth a bronze sculpture was brought to Sydney from Russia.
After his death Miklouho-Maclay’s wife returned to Sydney. Now, his grandsons live in Australia with their families.

Russian traveler Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay

Russian traveler Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay

Russian traveler Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay

Russian traveler Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay

Russian traveler Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay in Queensland in 1880

Russian traveler Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay in Queensland in 1880

Miklouho-Maclay in winter 1886-1887. Saint Petersburg

Miklouho-Maclay in winter 1886-1887. Saint Petersburg

Miklouho-Maclay while traveling on the Red Sea in the Arab burnoose. 1869

Miklouho-Maclay while traveling on the Red Sea in the Arab burnoose. 1869

Miklouho-Maclay with Papuan Ahmad. Malacca, 1874 or 1875

Miklouho-Maclay with Papuan Ahmad. Malacca, 1874 or 1875

Miklouho - Maclay at the age of 15. Portrait by N. Vaulin

Miklouho-Maclay at the age of 15. Portrait by N. Vaulin

Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay

Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay

Nikolai Miklouho in his student years (up to 1866)

Nikolai in his student years (up to 1866)

Boge - Papuan from mountain village. Englam Mans. May-June 1872

Boge – Papuan from mountain village. Englam Mans. May-June 1872

Boy Nalai 10-11 years. July 1872

Boy Nalai 10-11 years. July 1872

Maclay. Monument in New Guinea

Maclay. Monument in New Guinea

Maclay's drawing

Maclay’s drawing

old map

old map

Mikluho - Maclay and his friend Papuan Tui

Mikluho – Maclay and his friend Papuan Tui

Miklouho-Maclay and the Papuans of New Guinea

Miklouho-Maclay and the Papuans of New Guinea

Miklouho - Maclay's house on Bugarlom

Miklouho – Maclay’s house on Bugarlom

Miklouho-Maclay's papers

Miklouho-Maclay’s papers

Miklouho-Maclay's papers

Miklouho-Maclay’s papers

Miklouho-Maclay's papers

Miklouho-Maclay’s papers

Miklouho-Maclay and Papuans

Miklouho-Maclay and Papuans

Monument in Okoulovka

Monument in Okoulovka

Monument to Miklouho-Maclay. 1990

Monument to Miklouho-Maclay. 1990

Monument. N. Miklouho-Maclay

Monument. N. Miklouho-Maclay

N. Miklouho - Maclay. Stamp. Russia

N.Miklouho-Maclay. Stamp. Russia

Niga. December 1, 1874. Chandi December 4, 1874

Niga. December 1, 1874. Chandi December 4, 1874

Nikolai Maclay. Stamp. Ukraine

Nikolai Maclay. Stamp. Ukraine

Papuan's hut

Papuan’s hut

Pelas. January 25, 1875

Pelas. January 25, 1875

Russian traveler Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay

Russian traveler Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay

Miklouho-Maclay 1982

Ship ‘Miklouho-Maclay’. Photo 1982

Sisi. The drawing was made ​​on the island of Lub

Sisi. The drawing was made ​​on the island of Lub

Statue of Miklouho-Maclay

Statue of Miklouho-Maclay

Sydney. Miklouho-Maclay

Sydney. Miklouho-Maclay

From textbook “Enjoy English” by T. Klementieva