Feast Day of St. Barbara is on 17 December in the Orthodox Church, and in the Catholic Church on December 4. St. Barbara (Varvara in Russian) lived in the third century in the city of Iliopole the Phoenician, she died in 306, venerated as a Christian martyr. In honor of her are named many geographical locations all over the world and even large asteroid, opened in 1883. Saint Barbara is depicted on the coat of arms of the village Vlasikha in the Moscow region. In 1995, Saint Barbara was declared heavenly patron of the strategic rocket forces of Russia. At destruction of the gold-domed St. Michael's monastery in 1930s the relics of St. Barbara were given to the Museum, now they are held in the Vladimir Cathedral in Kiev, Ukrainian Orthodox Church.
Lucas Cranach the Elder (1472–1553) St. Barbara in a wooded landscape. Date 16th century
Saint Barbara is depicted in art as standing by a tower with three windows, carrying a palm branch and a chalice, sometimes with cannons depicted by her side
St Barbara Crushing her Infidel Father, with a Kneeling Donor
Domenico Ghirlandaio (1449–1494). Date circa 1473
Her father was a pagan and a representative of the aristocracy in Asia, under the Emperor Maximian. She is the patroness of sudden death that in Christianity is considered in most cases punishment as death without repentance and communion. In the Catholic Church she is one of the fourteen Holy helpers.
Bernardino Luini (1485–1532) Link back to Madonna and Child with Sts Catherine and Barbara (detail). Date between 1522 and 1525
She featured a special beauty and the father locked her in the tower to hide her from prying eyes. During the period of captivity Barbara was studying the world around her, which was visible from the Windows.
Barbara came to the idea of a single creator. When her father allowed her to leave the Tower, Barbara met with Christians and took the baptism. She rejected an offer of marriage that she received through her father. When the father learned of the religion, the barbarian's daughter was brutally tortured. Every morning her wounds were healed. Torches that were to be used to burn her went out as soon as they came near her. Finally she was condemned to death by beheading. Her father himself carried out the death-sentence. He got the punishment for this - he was struck by lightning on the way home and his body was consumed by flame.
Barbara was buried by a Christian, Valentinus, and her tomb became the site of miracles. Barbara held true to her faith. Her body was divided into parts, for centuries they were passed from hand to hand, part of her is in Kiev.
The reliquary with the relics of St Barbara in the Golden-Domed Monastery, Kiev
The Martyrdom of Saint Barbara. By Bernardino di Betto (Pinturicchio) 1454-1513
Ambrosius Benson (circa 1495–1550) Virgin and Child with Saints
Date between 1530 and 1532
The Martyrdom of St. Barbara, 1528. By Jean The Elder Bellegambe
Title Saint Barbara. Date Third quarter of 15th century
Novgorod Icon, second half of XIV century
Ghirlandaio, Domenico - St Barbara
Saint Barbara. The virgin martyr stands by her usual atttibute - the tower with three windows symbolizing her belief in the Trinity. Date between 1450 and 1500
Hans Memling (circa 1433–1494), The Donne Triptych (detail)
Date circa 1475
Meister Francke, from the Barbara Altarpiece (before 1424)
Left saint is St. Barbara, right saint, with roses or cherry - possibly St. Dorothea', Date 15th century. Author Meister der Bendaschen
Master of the Joseph Sequence (fl. circa 1470-1500)
The Martyrdom of St. Barbara
Master of the Joseph Sequence (fl. circa 1470-1500) St. Barbara Directing the Construction of a Third Window in Her Tower
Print made by Willem Basse after Anthony van Dyck, 1628-1648
After Jan van der Straet, 1612 (before)
Print made by Master MZ. 1500-1503 (c.)
Print made by Lucas Cranach the Elder. Date 1505-1515 (c.)
Print made by Master ES 1450-1467
Print made by Master ES, 1450-1467
Print made by Giorgio Ghisi, 1570-1580
coat of arms of the village Vlasikha in the Moscow region