Beauty will save

Beauty in everything

Zhostovo trays beautiful folk art

Zhostovo trays beautiful folk art

Floral motif. Zhostovo trays beautiful folk art

Zhostovo trays beautiful folk art
Old Russian folk handicraft Zhostovo painting comes from a village of Zhostovo in Moscow region. Originally manufacture of painted metal trays appeared in the middle of the XVIII century in the Urals, where were located steel mills of Demidov (Nizhny Tagil, Nevyansk, Verkhne Neyvinsk). Moscow manufacture of metal trays appeared only in the first half of the XIX century. The beautiful and colorful trays were made in the villages of Moscow province – Zhostovo, Trinity, Novoseltsevo, having become the leading manufactures. Zhostovo painting handicraft stylistically related to porcelain and enamel painting techniques, used by factories near Moscow, flower motifs on printed cotton, produced by the Ivanovo factories, and Fedoskino miniature.

Zhostovo

Red cockerel. Zhostovo

Zhostovo is a village in the North of Moscow in Mytishchi, on the picturesque Bank of the Klazma. By the middle of the 19th century there were already 12 workshops producing the traditional trays. In 1928, several cooperatives formed on the basis of the workshops, united into one – “Metallopodnos” in the village of Zhostovo, which later (1960) was transformed into Zhostovo factory of decorative painting. Zhostovo factory has become known throughout the world. For nearly two centuries a truly remarkable work of art – painted Zhostovo trays have been produced by hands of talented Russian artists, craftsmen.

Zhostovo

Two birds Zhostovo tray

Zhostovo painting is a bunch of mixed garden and wild flowers, which is simple and laconic in its essence. The edges of a tray are painted with a light golden ornament called uborka. A finished tray is then covered with three layers of light lacquer and polished to brilliance.
Personally for me the traditional Zhostovo trays is a masterpiece of folk art. When I look at Zhostovo trays, knowing no history, no all technological nuances, always like three things: rowdy, paints, velvet flowers and lush greenery. To distinguish the truly talented thing from kitsch by using only one criteria – whether it warms the soul or not.

Classic motif of painting is a floral bouquet on a black background. Each bouquet of wildflowers is skillfully integrated into a tray. No bouquet is repeated, each one is handmade and unique. In addition to bouquets on trays there are also landscapes, still life, Russian troika, fairy-tale characters, dating, dances, tea parties, portraits of beloved cats, dogs and family. But it already applies to copyright works and not quite traditional Zhostovo.

Zhostovo

Fauna and flora motif in Zhostovo painting

And how the masters create such beautiful trays? First, they cover the hammered iron trays with several layers of lacquer and paint with oils. The painting, mostly bright bunches of flowers, is done in several stages. Then, the artist traces the general outline in diluted pigments and distributes the principal color patches. Next, the trays are dried in ovens for several hours. And after that, they elaborately design the shapes of the leaves and flowers; apply transparent shadows, and locate the lighter patches. The highlights in white (sometimes slightly tinted) are applied to enhance the volume. Then come the finishing touches: the contours of the leaves and flower petals, which they stress with dynamic lines. In addition, miniature springs help to set the design into the background.

Zhostovo trays beautiful folk art

liveinternet.ru/users/5087263