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The unique Jewelry Map of USSR

The unique Jewelry Map of USSR

“The Industry of Socialism” – The unique Jewelry Map of USSR

The unique Jewelry Map of USSR
Made of precious and semiprecious stones “The Industry of Socialism” map is in fact, a unique monument of Russian monumental stone carving arts of the late 30-ies of the 20th century. Panel size 5910 x 4500 mm, is an exact physical map of the USSR, scale 1:1 500 000 and consists of 98 sections, the division of which was along the lines of latitude and longitude in increments of 10 degrees. With screws attached to the frame section, which consists of 27 aluminum alloy tubing. The map weight – 3500 kg, and it is made in the technique of Florentine and Russian mosaic. Stones used in creating map – emerald, ruby, alexandrite, jade, topaz, aquamarine, opal, rhodonite, lapis lazuli, rock crystal, amethyst, moonstone, etc. Meanwhile, the map was a prologue to the Union Art Exhibition “The Industry of Socialism”, to prepare for the 20th anniversary of the October Revolution.

The unique Jewelry Map of USSR

The unique Jewelry Map of USSR

The stones were framed in gilt caste of platinized silver of the same metal that named all the places, railways, line parallels and meridians. The work was performed at the Leningrad plant of processing gems (mosaic set, cutting stones and the whole piece of work), the Sverdlovsk Lapidary Factory (cutting plates for a set of mosaics and cut stones) and Peterhof factory of technical stones (cutting plates for Mosaic).

Work on the creation of the map began May 3, 1936. Artistic development of the project belonged to the head of department of the Academy of mosaic Arts – Y.A. Frolov, artists Skvortsov and A.Z. Danilochkina, directly involved in the selection of stones for the mosaic.

At the end of 1936, in the midst of working on the map, it was decided to present it to the World Exhibition in Paris in May 1937. A large groups of master stonecutters from Sverdlovsk and Peterhof were immediately sent to Leningrad. In mid-April 1937 the work was completed.

May 24, 1937 the World Expo under the theme “Art and Technology in Modern Life” was opened in Paris. Panel “Industry of Socialism” was exhibited in the first hall of the Soviet pavilion dedicated to the Constitution of the USSR, and has earned a lot of enthusiastic reviews. “Map of the Soviet Union – wrote the correspondent of the Paris newspaper – the most amazing exhibit not only of the Soviet pavilion, but of the whole Paris exhibition. Thousands of visitors stand for hours in front of it.” And the artwork was awarded “Grand Prix.”

The World Expo in New York held on April 30, 1939, the USSR pavilion was opened to the public on May 17. Newspapers from New York among the most attractive exhibits frequently mentioned this mosaic map.

The unique Jewelry Map of USSR

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