Unicorn want-to-believe creature
Unicorn want-to-believe creature. Unicorn has been an inspirational want-to-believe creature for many centuries, for ordinary people, monarchs, artists, scientists. The earliest images of unicorns are more than 4 thousand years old, found in India. Then began to appear in the myths of Western Asia. In ancient Greece and Rome were considered real animals. Image of unicorn is found on the Egyptian monuments, and on the rocks of southern Africa.
The legendary animal unicorn – a white horse with a large, pointed, spiraling horn projecting from its forehead is originally from European folklore.
The ancient Greeks first mentioned about Unicorn, an extremely wild woodland creature, a symbol of purity and grace, which could only be captured by a virgin.
Until the XIX century, belief in unicorns was widespread among physicians, historians, alchemists, theologians, writers, poets, naturalists.
The gold Russian coins depicted Unicorn since the time of the great Prince of Moscow Ivan III and ending the reign of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich Romanov. Since 1562 unicorn was depicted on the breast of double-headed eagle on a par with St. George, so in this era was the semantics of peer.
Unicorn symbol contained in bilateral state seal of Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible: Large (from 1562) and Minor (from 1571), as the Great Seal of the kings of Boris Godunov, False Dmitry, Michael’s, Alexis, on the seal of the Grand Palace during the reign of Mikhail Fedorovich. Seal with a unicorn fastened letters of Ivan the Terrible, such as correspondence with Cyril-Belozersky monastery.
Unicorn is also depicted on the back of the throne of King of Grozny, the ceremonial axes, seat, window casings palaces, on the arms of Russian noble families – the Batashevs, the Bonch-Brueviches, the Verigins, the Kudryavtsevs, the Mansurovs, the Ostafyevs, the Romanovsky, the Strekalovs, Turgenev, Shuvalov. Unicorn was included into Emblems of Boltin, Yermolov, Kozlovsky, Saltykov, Loris-Melikov.
A new possibility for the inspiration of the unicorn came in 2008 with the discovery of a roe deer in Italy with a single horn. Single-horned deer are not uncommon; however, the placement of the horn in the middle is very unusual. The placement of the horn could have been the result of some type of trauma in the life of the deer.
Australian Mint in Perth for the government of Tuvalu in March 2013 introduced a new coin series “Mythical Creatures”, which depicts a unicorn. Coin “Unicorn” The obverse features a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain rayuoty John Broadley (Ian Rank-Broadley). Around the engraved inscription: «QUEEN ELIZABETH II», «1oz 999 SILVER», «TUVALU 2013.”