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The Only Amber Factory in the World

Amber Factory

Jewelry item made of amber

The Only Amber Factory in the World is located in the town of Yantarny (the word yantar means amber in Russian), Kaliningrad Region, Russia. Baltic amber is a specific subset of amber that is found only in northern Europe: it accounts for some 80% of the known amber in the world. Between 35 and 50 million years ago, sap oozed out from a forest of conifers (probably either false larch or kauri) in the region now covered by the Baltic Sea, and eventually hardened into clear lumps. About 90% of the world’s extractable amber is still located in the Kaliningrad Region of Russia at the Baltic Sea.

The beautiful statue of mermaid welcomes you to visit Yantarny

The beautiful statue of mermaid welcomes you to visit Yantarny

One more statue of mermaid meets you in front of the amber factory

One more statue of mermaid meets you in front of the amber factory

Amber Factory

A new pit. It opened in 1976

By the time the Russian army entered Prussia, Germans had stopped extracting amber so they had to restore the pit and build new infrastructure. Thus, in June, 1948, it was put into operation. In 1960, they opened a new pit but due to some projecting mistakes they had to keep on working at the old one even though it was officially closed in 1972.

Amber Factory

A new pit. It opened in 1976

At first, they dug a 50 to 60 meter deep pit and then began to pan out amber from the botton of the pit. A worker washes off the upper layer of the dead rock with a water-jet which later gets pumped over into the sea. After that, with a drag-line crane, they remove a thin layer of the dead rock which covers blue earth. Finally, the amber ground gets piped to the concentrating mill for further treatment.

Amber Factory

This is an old German pit which is now flooded. Its water is really clean and some oligarchs from Moscow have their cottages on its shores

Amber Factory

At the factory there was a close check of workers to prevent stealing amber

At the factory there is a close check after each employee because there were times when workers did not receive their wages and had to steel things from the factory. Now, they are trying to break this bad habit. So, in this room they wash stones…

Amber Factory

After being washed, stones are sorted out depending on their size

Large amber stone

Large amber stone

Amber Factory

The bigger the stone is, the more expensive it costs

Amber Factory

The stones are cut here

Amber Factory

After that, polished stones get sorted out

Amber Factory

Everything is made manually

To become a part of a beautiful necklace or something. Apart from jewelry, amber is used as an ingredient in perfumes and as a healing agent in folk medicine

To become a part of a beautiful necklace or something. Apart from jewelry, amber is used as an ingredient in perfumes and as a healing agent in folk medicine

Amber bracelets, they say - have medical properties

Amber bracelets, they say – have medical properties

At the factory, there is a department where artists make amber statuettes

At the factory, there is a department where artists make amber statuettes

making amber figurines is very laborious

making amber figurines is very laborious

The biggest stones are numbered and priced. This one, for example, has a weight of 2.4 kg and costs 3600 $

The biggest stones are numbered and priced. This one, for example, has a weight of 2.4 kg and costs 3600 $

This stone is a giant

This stone is a giant

They claim this clam-shell to be 300 million years old

They claim this clam-shell to be 300 million years old

Sorted by types amber stones

Sorted by types amber stones

Amber souvenirs

Amber souvenirs

Amber souvenirs

Amber souvenirs

Museum of amber at the factory

Museum of amber at the factory

Amber jewelry piece

Amber jewelry piece

An ant inside Baltic amber

An ant inside Baltic amber

colors of amber

colors of amber

The Amber Room was reconstructed from the Kaliningrad amber.

The Amber Room was reconstructed from the Kaliningrad amber.

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