Beauty will save

Beauty in everything

Socotra Bottle Tree

Socotra Bottle Tree

Found nowhere else, Socotra Bottle Tree

Socotra Bottle Tree
A mysterious world, the island of myths and legends – Socotra. Its ancient name from Sanskrit means “the land of bliss.” Unique for its flora and fauna island is 250 km from Africa and 350 km from the Arabian Peninsula. Noteworthy, most species of plants and animals are endemic, found no where else on Earth. Besides, it is the only place on Earth where there are unique bottle trees.
Socotra – the most isolated landform on Earth of continental origin. The archipelago was once part of the super-continent of Gondwana and detached during the Middle Pliocene (ca 6 million years ago), in the same set of rifting events that opened the Gulf of Aden to its northwest.

Socotra Bottle Tree

Unique Socotra Bottle Tree

The archipelago consists of the main island of Socotra. In particular, the three smaller islands of Abd al Kuri, Samhah, and Darsa, and small rock outcrops like Ka’l Fir’awn and Sabuniyah – uninhabitable by humans but important for birds.

The main island has three geographical terrains: the narrow coastal plains, a limestone plateau permeated with karstic caves, and the Haghier Mountains. The mountains rise to 5,000 feet (1,525 m). The island is a little over 80 miles (130 km) long east to west and typically 18-22 miles (30-35 km) north to south.

The climate is generally tropical desert, with rainfall being light, seasonal (winter) and more abundant at the higher ground in the interior than along the coastal lowlands. The monsoon season brings strong winds and high seas.

Meanwhile, botanists rank the flora of Socotra among the ten most endangered island flora in the world. The archipelago is a site of global importance for biodiversity conservation and a possible center for eco tourism.

One of the most striking of Socotra’s plants is the dragon’s blood tree, which is a strange-looking, umbrella-shaped tree. Its red sap was the dragon’s blood of the ancients, sought after as a medicine and a dye. Another unusual plant is Dorstenia gigas.

Socotra Bottle Tree

Amazing Bottle Tree

Amazing Tree

As with many isolated island systems, bats are the only mammals native to Socotra. In contrast, the marine biodiversity around Socotra is rich, characterized by a unique mixture of species that have originated in far flung bio-geographic regions: the western Indian Ocean, the Red Sea, Arabia, East Africa and the wider Ind-Pacific.

Noteworthy, the UNESCO recognized the island as a world natural heritage site in July 2008. In addition, the European Union has supported such a move, calling on both UNESCO and International Organization of Protecting Environment to classify the island archipelago among the environmental heritages.

Landscape with Bottle Trees

Landscape with Trees

According to belief, some of the plants and animals found on Socotra are in fact, ancient relics of a much larger land mass which has all but disappeared. The preserved here relic is a result of the fact that the Haghir Massif has not been totally submerged for at least 135 Million years. The absence on any indigenous mammals is reported to be further indication of the island’s very ancient origins, possibly from time before mammals appeared on earth!

Landscape with Bottle Trees

Extraordinary look

Mysterious world of the Socotra island

Mysterious world

Animal world of the Socotra island

Animal world

Local people of Socotra island

Local people

A bird of Socotra island

A bird of Socotra island

A lizard on a rock

A lizard on a rock

Seashells of the Socotra island


Typical landscape of the Socotra island

Typical landscape

Sandy beach of the Socotra island

Sandy beach

Washed by waters Socotra island

Washed by waters island

Beach of Socotra island

The Beach

Beach of Socotra island

Sunset over the beach

Wonderful bottle trees of Socotra island

Wonderful trees

Wonderful bottle trees of Socotra island

Exotic trees

Camels on Socotra island

Camels on the island

Hills and Bottle trees of the Socotra island

Hills with the trees

Unique Socotra island

Tropical desert

the most isolated landform on Earth

The most isolated landform on Earth, Socotra island

recognized by the UNESCO as a world natural heritage site

Recognized by the UNESCO as a world natural heritage site

Strange-looking bottle trees

Strange-looking trees

Strange-looking bottle trees

Looking strange, bottle trees

Flora of Socotra island

Flora of the island

Flora of Socotra island

Red sunset

umbrella-shaped tree

Umbrella-shaped tree, known as dragon’s blood tree

dragon’s blood tree

dragon’s blood tree