Art

Gzhel Blue fairytale of Russia

Gzhel Blue fairytale of Russia
Winter landscape tray. Gzhel Blue fairytale of Russia

Gzhel Blue fairytale of Russia
About thirty villages located southeast of Moscow produce pottery known as Gzhel. The earliest mention of Gzhel was found in the will of Ivan Kalita of 1328. Gzhel was later mentioned in the testaments of the other princes, and in the will of Ivan the Terrible of 1572-1578 period. Gzhel has always been famous for its clay. Wide production of different varieties of Gzhel pottery began from mid XVII century. The great Russian scientist Mikhail Lomonosov, appreciated Gzhel clay: “There is hardly a ground in the world so clean and free of mixes, that chemists call virginity, it is clays for porcelain used in Gzhel, which I have seen nowhere”.

Gzhel
Two cats, porcelain figurines. Gzhel

By 1812 there were 25 plants producing Gzhel dishes. Among them were the most popular plants of Yermil Ivanov and Laptev. Well known masters of Gzhel were S. Gusyatnikov, Ivan Nikiforovich, Ivan Kokun. Besides dishes, Gzhel masters made toys in the shape of birds and animals and decorative figurines on the theme of Russian life. Brilliant white horses, riders, birds, dolls, miniature dishes painted in purple, yellow, blue and brown colors in Gzhel style. The paint is applied with a brush. The motives of this painting is decorative flowers, leaves and grass.

Tea set. Beautiful Gzhel porcelain
Tea set. Beautiful Gzhel porcelain

After 1802, when light gray clay was found near the village of Minin. Since the second half of the 20-ies of the XIX century, many painted products were only blue.

Around 1800, in the village Volodino, brothers Kulikov found white porcelain mass, the first Porcelain Factory was based. Pavel Kulikov, its founder, learned technique of making porcelain, working at a factory in the village of Perovo. Wanting to keep the secret of porcelain making, Kulikov did everything himself, with only one worker. According to the legend, G.N. Khrapunov and E.G. Gusyatnikov secretly entered the Kulikov studio, sketched furnace and seized samples of clay, then opened their own factories.

Gzhel Blue fairytale of Russia

Cute couple of cats
Cute couple of cats, teapot

The second quarter of the XIX century – the period of highest artistic achievements in Gzhelian ceramic art in all its branches. In an effort to obtain a thin earthenware and porcelain, the owners of production constantly improved the composition of white mass.

From mid XIX century, many Gzhel plants were in decline, and the ceramics industry was concentrated in the hands of Kuznetsov. After the revolution the Kuznetsov factories were nationalized. Only since the mid XX century Gzhel begins rebuilding crafts, noting its recent 650th anniversary.

Igor Vladimirovich Belkovsky, a member of Painters Creative Union of Russia and International Painters Confederation, born in 1962 in Chelyabinsk. Gzhel theme in paintings of artist Igor Belkovsky.

Wall clocks
Wall clocks
Soup bowl. Gzhel
Soup bowl. Gzhel
A woman with a yoke and buckets. Porcelain sculpture, blue gzhel
A woman with a yoke and buckets. Porcelain sculpture, blue gzhel
Khokhloma, Gzhel and Pavlovo-Posad shawl, traditional crafts
Khokhloma, Gzhel and Pavlovo-Posad shawl, traditional crafts
Still life “Gzhel”
Photo – Still life “Gzhel”
Tea pot and Creamer, Gzhel
Tea pot and Creamer, Gzhel
Gorgeous gzhel stove
Gorgeous gzhel stove
Horse rider – gussar, porcelain figurine, Gzhel
Horse rider – gussar, porcelain figurine, Gzhel
Paper and salt shaker, and tea pots. Gzhel
Paper and salt shakers, and tea pots. Gzhel
Traditional Russian dolls Matryoshka painted in Gzhel style
Traditional Russian dolls Matryoshka painted in Gzhel style
Still life with Gzhel
Still life with Gzhel
Sugar, salt and paper shakers. Gzhel
Sugar, salt and paper shakers. Gzhel
Variety of Gzhel
Variety of Gzhel
Folk art – Gzhel
Folk art – Gzhel
A woman with a yoke and buckets
A woman with a yoke and buckets
Retro telephone – Gzhel
Retro telephone – Gzhel
Exquisite plate of Gzhel
Exquisite plate of Gzhel
Elephant Gzhel teapot
Elephant Gzhel teapot
Miniature samovar, glass holders and even tea spoons. Gzhel
Miniature samovar, glass holders and even tea spoons. Gzhel
Sky blue Gzhel picture
Sky blue Gzhel picture
Desk top clocks, artful Gzhel
Desk top clocks, artful Gzhel
Wonderful Gzhel set
Wonderful Gzhel set
Easter eggs. Gzhel
Easter eggs. Gzhel
Beautiful Gzhel porcelain
Beautiful Gzhel porcelain
Samovar
Samovar
Souvenire Gzhel, desk top decoration
Souvenire Gzhel, desk top decoration
Unique Gzhel church sculpture
Unique Gzhel church sculpture
A set of Gzhel figurines
A set of Gzhel figurines
Gorgeous gzhel
Gorgeous gzhel
Fabulous Gzhel set
Fabulous Gzhel set
Beautiful Gzhel samovar
Beautiful Gzhel samovar
Wine set. Gzhel
Wine set. Gzhel
Russian tales in Gzhel
Russian tales in Gzhel
Steps of making Gzhel
Steps of making Gzhel
Creating Gzhel
Creating Gzhel
Creating Gzhel
Last touch – painting in blue
Chapel in Gzhel rural village, Moscow region, Russia
Chapel in Gzhel rural village, Moscow region, Russia
The theme of Gzhel in painting
The theme of Gzhel in painting
Patterns of Gzhel
Patterns of Gzhel
Fair. Painting by artist Igor Belkovsky
Fair. Painting by artist Igor Belkovsky
Summer still life. Painting by artist Igor Belkovsky
Summer still life. Painting by artist Igor Belkovsky
Paintings by artist Igor Belkovsky
Paintings by artist Igor Belkovsky

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