Russian folk costume
Russian folk costume was designed to empathize Russian woman’s inner dignity and emotional restraint. Russian costumes are not only beautiful, they are also convenient in wearing because they were created for work without restricting freedom of movement. The variety of colors for traditional costume displays love for beauty and ethnic diversity. The Russian word “beautiful” (krasivyi) comes from the word “krasny”, the Russian for “red”. Ethnic Russian clothes include kaftan, kosovorotka and ushanka for men, sarafan and kokoshnik for women. Sarafan is a traditional Russian long, trapeze-shaped jumper dress (pinafore) worn as Russian folk costume by women and girls. Chronicles first mention it under the year 1376, and since that time it was worn well until the 21st century. Plain sarafans are still designed and worn today as a summer-time light dress. Russian women from the upper and middle classes stopped wearing traditional Russian costume in the 18th century, during Peter the Great’s modernization of Russia, apart from the kokoshniks as part a court dress (although the clothing style of Russian aristocrats differed greatly from those of commoners). It is now worn as folk costume for performing Russian folk songs and folk dancing.
Russian costumes differ a lot from each other. Each province had its own traditional costume. For example, black embroidery was traditional for the Belgorod Region (southern Russia), whereas costumes of peasant women in the Ryazan Region (central Russia) were embroidered mostly with red. The Cossacks of Southern Russia have a separate brand of culture within ethnic Russian, their clothes including burka and papakha, which they share with the peoples of the Northern Caucasus.
The Russian national costume excluded black. It means that it isn’t suitable for us genetically. Our ancestors avoided it intuitively (they were wiser than we are). By the way, all the crisis situations in Russia were dressed in drab clothes. The past years of the black fashion have not brought prosperity and welfare to Russia. Black is leveled in the mild climate of Spain and Italy where a revel of southern colors conquers its darkness (gloom, blackness). The climate in the central and north-eastern part of Russia is rather hard. The hues of nature are pretty calm in comparison with the south. The black in Russia seems even gloomier, and carries more negative information.