Nature

Starfish ocean wonder

Starfish ocean wonder. Covered with a white 'mosaics' starfish in the waters of the western Pacific. Painting of the starfish help it to be invisible among the rocks and corals. (Photograph by Walcott Henry)
Covered with a white ‘mosaics’ starfish in the waters of the western Pacific. Painting of the starfish help it to be invisible among the rocks and corals. (Photograph by Walcott Henry). Starfish ocean wonder

Starfish ocean wonder
According to science, starfish or sea stars are echinoderms belonging to the class Asteroidea. In fact, there are about 1,800 living species of starfish that occur in all the world’s oceans. In particular, in the Atlantic, the Pacific, the Indian, as well as in the Arctic and the Southern Ocean, including 150 species in Russia. However, you can’t find a starfish in freshwater environments. Starfish and other echinoderms pump water directly into their bodies, via the water vascular system, as they find it. This makes them vulnerable to all forms of water pollution, as they have little ability to filter the water of toxins and contaminants. Oil spills and similar events often take a toll on echinoderm populations that carry consequences for the ecosystem.

A tiny crab 'walks' on one of the rays of a bright blue starfish in the waters of the western Pacific. (Photograph by Wolcott Henry)
A tiny crab ‘walks’ on one of the rays of a bright blue starfish in the waters of the western Pacific. (Photograph by Wolcott Henry)

Starfish ocean wonder

Brown Starfish (Pisaster ochraceus) lies next to the bright cousin of kelp in the tide on the beach strip Tung Point in Washington State. (Photograph by George Grall)
Brown Starfish (Pisaster ochraceus) lies next to the bright cousin of kelp in the tide on the beach strip Tung Point in Washington State. (Photograph by George Grall)
Close-up of the back of the starfish Nardoa frianti, which inhabits the waters of the Indonesian province of Sulawesi. (Photograph by Wolcott Henry)
Close-up of the back of the starfish Nardoa frianti, which inhabits the waters of the Indonesian province of Sulawesi. (Photograph by Wolcott Henry)
Elegant Star of Frome (Fromia monilis) is among the bright green shoots of anchor piece of coral in the western Pacific. (Photograph by Wolcott Henry)
Elegant Star of Frome (Fromia monilis) is among the bright green shoots of anchor piece of coral in the western Pacific. (Photograph by Wolcott Henry)
Purple starfish on the ocean floor. (Photograph by Wolcott Henry)
Purple starfish on the ocean floor. (Photograph by Wolcott Henry)
Red and yellow starfish (Fromia monilis) of corals 'sea fan' in the Maldives. (Photograph by Paul Sutherland)
Red and yellow starfish (Fromia monilis) of corals ‘sea fan’ in the Maldives. (Photograph by Paul Sutherland)
Starfish on a reef in the Solomon Islands. Subspecies of this sea star is determined by the color plates covering its back side. (Photograph by Wolcott Henry)
Starfish on a reef in the Solomon Islands. Subspecies of this sea star is determined by the color plates covering its back side. (Photograph by Wolcott Henry)
This absolutely incredible Starfish of purple color lives on the island of Bunaken reefs in the Indonesian province of Sulawesi. (Photograph by Wolcott Henry)
This absolutely incredible Starfish of purple color lives on the island of Bunaken reefs in the Indonesian province of Sulawesi. (Photograph by Wolcott Henry)
This species of sea stars, living in the Queen Charlotte Islands in British Columbia, usually purple, but they have the ability to change color depending on the environment. (Photograph by Michael Melford)
This species of sea stars, living in the Queen Charlotte Islands in British Columbia, usually purple, but they have the ability to change color depending on the environment. (Photograph by Michael Melford)
Starfish ocean wonder
Navy blue Starfish
Two starfish
Two starfish
starfish
Against the green background
Natural wonder - starfish
Natural wonder – starfish
Natural wonder - starfish
Amazing starfish

Bright scenery with starfish
Bright scenery with starfish
Sandy yellow starfish
Sandy yellow starfish
Spotted starfish
Spotted starfish
The pattern on this Indonesian sea star is reminiscent of batik patterns characteristic of the South-Eastern Archipelago. (Photograph by Tim Laman)
The pattern on this Indonesian sea star is reminiscent of batik patterns characteristic of the South-Eastern Archipelago. (Photograph by Tim Laman)
Starfish ocean wonder
Beautiful patterns of Starfish
Closeup - starfish
Closeup – starfish
Variety of colors - starfish
Variety of colors – starfish
Variety of colors - starfish
Sea star
Starfish ocean wonder
Stunning coloration of starfish

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