Jewelry art by Salvador Dali. For some reason, not everyone knows that in addition to the painting, the great Spanish artist Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dali i Domenech, 1st Marques de Dali de Pubol, or simply Salvador Dali had contributed a lot to the jewelry art. The value of his beautiful allegorical jewelry pieces could be hardly formulated by anyone, it is priceless as it was done by the Artist himself. The first of Dali’s “Ten Rules for those who want to become an artist,” says – learn to paint well so that your brush bear the gold and precious stones”.
For the first time Dali started to create jewelry in 1941. Dali drew detailed sketches with commentary and specifying materials. His ideas embodied jeweler and a family friend Carlos Alemany. “Visiting card” of all these treasures was the color saturation: the most “Sunshine” yellow gold, rubies, pearls, blood coral, most colorful emerald, rich blue sapphires, dazzling sterling silver … No trace of fashionable colors muted and the ambiguity of the Art Nouveau.
In 1985, in New York, was published a book by Barbara Cartlidge “Jewelry of the twentieth century”, which summed up the century, where Dali was named along with several prominent artists of the XX century, who worked in the field of artistic jewelry in the post-war 1940 – 1950.
In contrast to Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Max Ernst, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Jeff Koons, who engaged in jewelry art from time to time, Dali’s works in this area are constant. An extraordinary collection of his surrealist jewelry of gold and precious stones and mechanisms, such as The Beating heart, shocked the world of jewelry by its arrogance and extravagance.
Details of decorations – facsimile of the author. Although it is at the back of the watch, but can be clearly seen in the center of the composition. It is a habit of the painter and, at the same time, a tribute to the increased in the late 1940-1950s demand for art jewelry. Earlier artists jewelers also put their signatures to the products, but always on the back.
Later, in his diary of September 1958 (Port Ligat) Dali writes: “No sooner had I come up to my desk to finally sit down, as I was summoned to a nearby desk where I was asked to agree to make enamel egg in Faberge style”.
The next decade was particularly fruitful for Dali-jeweler. During this period he created his most famous works – brooch-watches “Eye of Time”, “Ruby heart” brooch “ruby lips.” The compositions of the 1950s.
Created brooch-hours “Eye of Time” (1949 or 1951) is not preceded by a specific pictorial composition and the artist developed the theme of “vision.” In jewelry all stages “extended indefinitely sense”, it is a symbolic sign of the time – hours, concluded in pupil of the eye, not without grace outlined with diamonds.
Opens and closes like a beautiful flower, showing the world the stamens and petals with diamonds. Flowers in the shape of hands, always directed upwards, to the light. Malachite from Congo, hidden mechanism – unpretentious counterweight system, which brings the decoration to life.
At even greater extent of applied art as “plastic philosophical metaphors”, the artist proved in himself in a surreal facility “Ruby Heart”, 1953. Its birth, according to Dali, was preceded by a story written by him in his diary of September 1958: “… Wanting to thank Gala for explosive pomegranate apple, I repeated: – What do you want, my heart? What do you want, my heart? And she said – the new gift for me – the beating heart of ruby!”
. “My art absorbs physics, mathematics, architecture, nuclear physics – from psychology, mysticism, and not only paintings and jewelry work”.
Dali created brooch “Ruby lips with teeth like pearls’ in 1958 for the actress Paulette Goddard. This sensual image haunted him for decades. First it appeared in a beautiful portrait of Mae West in 1934 – 1936. Then, in the early 1970s, in the interior of one of the rooms of his house in Figueras in a surreal sculpture. Poets of all times, in all corners of the earth compared lips of lover with ruby, and her teeth with pearls.
In Europe, the display of jewelry pieces by Dali was first held in 1971. His work was often derided as kitsch, yet today, this situation is more fair, and these pieces can be identified as a particular expression of surrealism, which can be considered as one of the artistic movements of XX century.
In this work of Dali, both painting and jewelry business are hardly “non-profit”. In the 40’s, the American millionaire Cummins Catherwood bought the first collection of Dali – 22 gold pieces of art.
In 1958, all existing at the time jewelry objects were bought by The Owen Cheatham Foundation patron, and afterwards all the objects created by Dali, were redeemed by him. Before 1970, the surrealist genius had created a total of 39 designs, which were made of 37 jewels. Since then and to this day they changed several owners, having been in Japan and Saudi Arabia …
Madonna of aquamarine. Aquamarine in a gold medallion depicts Madonna. Dame Crown covered with diamonds. When the medallion turns – the face of the Madonna becomes the face of Christ.
The tree is made of engraved gold and fixed to the cubes of lapis lazuli. All art piece, color and shape reflect the strength and power of Christ.
Further, while in the United States between 1942 and 1944, together with the House of Verdura, Dali created jewelry inspired by the “general nostalgia for the Renaissance.” Here during the war, on the one hand, continued to dominate the cocktail style. On the other hand – were created favorable conditions for the implementation of unique creative concepts in the modernization of the objective world, brought by emigrant artists from Europe.
The whole atmosphere of the artistic culture of the United States those years created a fertile ground for the extreme range of interests for the artist. In Europe, during war, experiments in jewelry were unthinkable. During all these years, the production of luxury goods like jewelry, was subject of high tax.
About some uncertainty in jewelry pieces of Dali was written by German historian Hermann Schadt in the book “The Art of goldsmiths. 5000 years of jewelry and tableware”: “Jewelry Design of Spanish painter Salvador Dali illustrates the connection between different areas of interest: the space of aggregate beautiful concepts can be transformed into decoration … ‘
In 1958, all existing at the time jewelry artworks were bought by The Owen Cheatham Foundation patron, and afterwards all the objects created by Dali, redeemed by him. Before 1970, the surrealist genius had created a total of 39 designs, which were made into 37 jewels. Since then and to this day decorations changed several owners, having been in Japan and Saudi Arabia ..
Finally, in 1999 – the year when decorations returned to Spain, to the town of Figueres, where they are still in the theater-museum of Salvador Dali. The deal cost of the fund 5.5 million euros.
Thanks to the beloved genius the world has not only artistic, but also precious masterpieces. All products of the artist – unique and full of strange, wild beauty combined with luxury materials and refined performance.
The suffering of the world divided by war and chaos. In the medallion dedicated to war boom of pearls, holding the whole world as one, symbolizing the love of Christ, and hope for peace.
The situation began to change only in the late 1940s, after the end of World War II, when there appeared a need for change in the most conservative “minor arts.” Dali’s jewelry pieces became the development of his pictorial images. Researchers have noted many times that of the paintings of Dali can not throw out a single detail. But it is also important that they are literally full of artistic aphorisms which have become an iconic symbol of the twentieth century.
“My goal – to show the jeweler’s art in its true meaning. Design and craftsmanship should be worth more than precious stones and metals, as it was in the Renaissance. ”
My art absorbs physics, mathematics, architecture, nuclear physics – from psychology, mysticism, not only paintings and jewelry work.
Jewelry art by Salvador Dali