Purchase of Alaska
Purchase of Alaska. The sale of Alaska was a deal between the governments of the Russian Empire and the North American United States. In 1867, Russia for 7.2 million USD (about 108 million USD in 2009), sold its territories in North America (total area 1,518,800 square km or 586,412 square miles).
At the time of the sale the entire population in Alaska and the Aleutian Islands was about 2,500 Russian and approximately 60,000 American Indians and Eskimos. At the beginning of the 19th century Alaska brought income from the fur trade.
But by mid-century, from the perspective of the Russian imperial family, the cost of maintaining and protecting this remote and vulnerable, from a geopolitical point of view (Canadian territories of British Empire to the east), area outweighed the potential profit. During the Crimean War, when the British fleet attempted to land troops in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, the possibility of direct confrontation in America became a reality.
The agreement was signed March 30, 1867. October 18, 1867 Alaska was formally transferred to the United States. This very day the Gregorian calendar was introduced in Alaska. Thus, Alaskans went to bed on October 5, and woke up on October 18. it was during Alexander’s reign.
The Russian Empire sold inaccessible and uninhabited territory to 2 cents per acre (0.0474 dollars per hectare). It was only a half times cheaper than inhabited territory of historic Louisiana was sold to the U.S. by Napoleon’s France (2.1 million square km).
Asynchronous map of the Russian Empire
dark green = all countries at one time under direct rule by Russian emperor
light green = spheres of influence in China, Persia, and the Danubian principalities
Today the effectiveness and efficiency of this deal to buy wild and uninhabited province can be compared with private purchases of territories on the Moon.